Law Office of Michelle Ball 215,5150,parents rights,policy,suicide Student Suicide Prevention- Schools Mandated To Have Suicide Awareness Plan

Student Suicide Prevention- Schools Mandated To Have Suicide Awareness Plan


student suicide can be terrible, schools need to have policies on what to do

Last Updated on April 23, 2021 by Michelle Ball

By Michelle Ball, California Education Attorney for Students since 1995

California schools can be places of great joy, and terrible sorrow for students.  We all know that students really can have it rough, and sometimes they don’t talk to their parents to let them know they are suffering.  California public schools must, per state law, have a school Suicide Awareness Policy, which includes training for staff about students who may be suicidal.
 
School Suicide Awareness Policy Mandatory in Middle and High Schools
 
student suicide is devastating
Schools must have student suicide plans for “high risk” students

School districts are legally obligated to have a student suicide policy in all schools where seventh-twelfth graders attend, including. junior and high schools and K-8 schools if they cover seventh grade up.

Mandates for Elementary Students, Sixth Grade and Below
 
Students in K-sixth grades must be addressed with a “policy on pupil suicide prevention” which addresses “suicide prevention, intervention, and postvention.”
 
“High Risk” Students Needs Must Be Addressed in Policy
 
The school suicide policy must address the needs of students who are considered in “high-risk” of suicide. 
 
High risk students are defined per Education Code §215(a)(1) as:
 
1)  Youth bereaved by suicide. [e.g. someone they know killed themselves]

2)  Youth with disabilities, mental illness, or substance use disorders.
3) Youth experiencing homelessness or in out-of-home settings, such as foster care.
4)  Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning youth.

Training for Staff and Notification of Suicide Prevention Services Must Be Provided

The school suicide prevention policy must contain training guidelines for school staff and information on when and how to inform families of student suicide prevention services.

student suicide school sad
Students may express suicidal thoughts at schools who need to act

Parent Notification of Suicidal Statements Missing From Law

One glaring omission in the law is a mandate to inform parents when a student expresses suicidal thoughts.  So, 
although a Suicide Awareness Policy may be in effect, that does not mean parents will be informed.

Education Code 215 does state that the policy must “at a minimum, address procedures related to suicide prevention, intervention, and postvention.” What this means is left up to individual Districts.

Students May Be Referred for Emergency 5150 Psychiatric Evaluations Without Parent Consent for Suicidal Statements

Additionally, sometimes schools report students to mental health authorities for an involuntary psychiatric suicide evaluation if they think the student presents a danger to themselves.

Transportation to a hospital after this suicide referral can take place with no warning to parents (called a “5150 hold” see Welfare and Institutions Code §5150).   Often parents don’t discover the student is being evaluated until they hear that an ambulance is at school taking the student away. Or, they may get a call from the hospital where a student was transported after they expressed suicidal thoughts or intent.

student suicide hospital school
Student suicidal statements at school can cause a student to be placed on an involuntary hospital hold

Special Needs Students Can Also Be Referred for Psychiatric Evaluation of Suicidal Statements

Students referred for psychiatric evaluation of suicidal statements at school can be general education students or special needs students. I have had many worried parents who found their special needs child (usually a student with communication deficits) was shipped off 
by their school for evaluation. This can occur with no call to a parent first, after an allegedly alarming communication.  Child Protective Services (CPS) may also become involved.

Put Issues with Insincere Suicidal Statements in IEP Plan if Known

It is important that the school support team (IEP team) be notified if a student with special needs may commonly make suicidal-seeming statements which are not sincere.

For example, a special needs student may suffer from communication difficulties which manifest with outbursts of “I am going to kill myself!” The parents and medical personnel may know this is just the way the student expresses himself. However, if the school is unaware, the student could quickly be carted away for medical evaluation.

Insincere Suicide Statements Noted in IEP and Handlings May Not Be Honored

There unfortunately is no guarantee that the school will implement these supports if something happens, in breach of the student’s IEP plan. However, it is better to make these issues known in advance, to prevent a student from being carted away without their parents consent.

sad suicidal girl special needs
Students with communication issues can make suicidal statements they don’t mean

It is a sad day for parents when a child is moved to a psychiatric ward without forewarning, as the impacts can be devastating for a student and their family.  Yes, schools should act on true suicide threats, but parents rights to provide medical or other care must be balanced into the mix.  It is a tough wire to walk for all concerned.

Parents Should Be Involved If Possible In Developing Suicide Plans and Policies As Stakeholders

As the legal codes do not define what should go into the school suicide prevention policy, but identifies that “stakeholders” must be involved in developing the policy, parents should be included in a policy’s development and improvement.  

Parents may want to research their district/school policy and see if the policy includes a notification to PARENTS of issues that arise.  

Communication with School May Need to Be Parent-Initiated

If the policy lacks notification of suicidal statements to parents, communication with the school on what to do if any suicide issues come up, may be necessary.

For example, some parents may already have a family doctor or therapist they use for the student. At the parents discretion, parents may communicate this to the school and what the school should do if something arises.

suicide statements at school should be told to parents
If the school plan does not include parental notification of suicidal statements, parents should advocate for this

Parents Should Insist On Notification of Suicidal Statements

If the school suicide policy does not include notice to parents, parents may be completely unaware of a suicidal communication from the student. This can lead to devastating consequences if the student acts on their suicide threats.

Simply, if parents are not notified, they cannot act to help their child, and may not know of the student’s suicidal statements or cries for help until it is too late.

Schools and Parents Need to Work Together to Help Students In Need

Ultimately, students need some monitoring in school and competent, thoughtful communication to their families who love them when suicidal statements arise. 

Parents, schools, and all those who are responsible for them, can’t help suicidal students if they don’t know what is going on.  As such, parents may want to make sure they are part of the school notification loop before it is too late.